Kentucky on Trend for Record Soybean Harvest

Posted on Sep 12, 2016

LOUISVILLE, Ky. – The U.S. Department of Agriculture’s National Agricultural Statistics Service (NASS) released its crop production report today from the September Agricultural Yield Survey conducted at the beginning of the month. The survey queried about 600 farms across Kentucky and is the second of four measurements for the 2016 harvest.

“As fall harvest is beginning, the yield picture is becoming clearer,” said David Knopf, director of the NASS Eastern Mountain Regional Office in Kentucky. “It’s been a rainy growing season here. It could be another record soybean crop, and corn has also benefitted from the rain. On the other hand, tobacco has been challenged by all that rain, and those weather conditions continued in August lowering the yield potential.”

Corn production in Kentucky is forecast at 244 million bushels.

“Corn (production) is down two percent from August, but up eight percent from 2015,” Knopf said.

Corn yield was estimated at 172 bushels per acre, down three bushels from last month and unchanged from the 2015 level. Acres for harvest as grain were estimated at 1.41 million acres, up 100,000 acres from 2015. The U.S. corn production is forecast at 15.1 billion bushels, down slightly from the August forecast and up 11 percent from last year's record production. Based on conditions as of Sept. 1, yields are expected to average 174.4 bushels per acre, down 0.7 bushels from last month but up six bushels from 2015. Area harvested for grain is forecast at 86.6 million acres, unchanged from the August forecast but up seven percent from 2015. 

“Soybean production is forecast at 91.3 million bushels, up six percent from last month and three percent from last year,” according to Knopf.

Soybean yield for Kentucky was estimated at 51 bushels per acre, up three from last month and up two bushels from a year ago. Acreage for harvest as beans was estimated at 1.79 million acres, down 20,000 acres from the previous year. U.S. soybean production is forecast at 4.2 billion bushels, up three percent from the August forecast and up seven percent from last year. Based on Sept. 1 conditions, yields are expected to average 50.6 bushels per acre, up 1.7 bushels from last month and up 2.6 bushels from last year. Area for harvest is forecast at 83 million acres, unchanged from the August forecast but up one percent from 2015. 

Kentucky burley tobacco production is forecast at 111 million pounds, down three percent from the August forecast and up six percent from 2015. Yield was projected at 1,850 pounds per acre, down 50 pounds from last month and up 50 pounds from the 2015 crop. Harvested acreage was estimated at 60,000 acres, up 2,000 acres from last year's crop. For the burley producing states production is forecast at 146 million pounds, up one percent from last year. Burley growers plan to harvest 78,900 acres, unchanged from 2015. Yields were expected to average 1,848 pounds per acre, up 14 pounds from last year.

Production of Kentucky dark fire-cured tobacco is forecast at 24.7 million pounds, down four percent from the August forecast but down 22 percent from the previous year.  Dark air-cured tobacco production is forecast at 10.3 million pounds, down eight percent from the August forecast and down 25 percent from last year.

 

CROP PRODUCTION SUMMARY, September 1

KENTUCKY AND UNITED STATES

Crops

Area Planted 1

Area Harvested

Yield Per Acre

Production

2015

2016

2015

2016 2

2015

2016 1

2015

2016

Aug 1

Sep 1 2

KENTUCKY 

 

(1,000 acres)

(1,000 acres)

(1,000 acres)

(1,000 acres)

(bushels)

(bushels)

(bushels)

(1,000 bushels)

(1,000 bushels)

Corn 3

Soybeans 3

Wheat, Winter 34

1,400

1,840

560

1,500

1,800

540

1,310

1,810

440

1,410

1,790

410

172.0

49.0

73.0

175.0

48.0

74.0

172.0

51.0

--

225,320

88,690

32,120

242,520

91,290

30,340

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(acres)

(acres)

(acres)

(acres)

(pounds)

(pounds)

(pounds)

(1,000 pounds)

(1,000 pounds)

Tobacco:

    All

    Burley

    Dark-Fire Cured

    Dark-Air Cured

 

--

--

--

--

 

--

--

--

--

 

72,900

58,000

9,900

5,000

 

74,200

60,000

9,500

4,700

 

2,055

1,800

3,200

2,750

 

2,034

1,900

2,700

2,400

 

1,968

1,850

2,600

2,200

 

149,830

104,400

31,680

13,750

 

146,040

111,000

24,700

10,340

 

UNITED STATES

 

(1,000 acres)

(1,000 acres)

(1,000 acres)

(1,000 acres)

(bushels)

(bushels)

(bushels)

(1,000 bushels)

(1,000 bushels)

Corn 3

Soybeans 3

Wheat, Winter 34

87,999

82,650

39,461

94,148

83,688

36,538

80,749

81,814

32,257

86,550

83,037

30,176

168.4

48.0

42.5

175.1

48.9

54.9

174.4

50.6

--

13,601,198

3,929,160

1,370,188

15,092,908

4,200,985

1,657,440

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(acres)

(acres)

(acres)

(acres)

(pounds)

(pounds)

(pounds)

(1,000 pounds)

(1,000 pounds)

Tobacco:

    All

    Burley

    Dark-Fire Cured

    Dark-Air Cured

 

--

--

--

--

 

--

--

--

--

 

328,650

78,900

17,850

6,200

 

318,150

78,900

17,150

5,900

 

2,178

1,834

3,144

2,750

 

2,184

1,900

2,822

2,461

 

2,159

1,848

2,680

2,261

 

715,946

144,675

56,125

17,050

 

686,910

145,770

45,970

13,340

1 Commodities with estimates not available are (denoted by "--")2 Forecasted.  3 Area harvested represents grain.  4 Includes area planted in preceding fall.

Release courtesy of USDA NASS