Harvest 2021Continues: The Latest Crop UpdatePosted on Oct 22, 2021
Last month’s September crop report from the USDA’s National Agriculture Statistics Service, (NASS) Kentucky Field Office reported increased production levels for corn and tobacco over 2020, with a slight decrease in soybeans production. Regional Director David Knopf said unless there are any unforeseen circumstances, he doesn't see any big changes coming as the harvest season progresses.
“Conditions have been good for crops this summer, and early harvest reports support that. Barring any major weather event, I think final production results will be pretty close to current forecasts,” he said. “It’s been a good harvest, to date. Corn is running behind normal due to a later maturing crop, but will likely catch up if there is a stretch of dry days.”
The September report is as follows:
Corn production in Kentucky is forecast at 268 million bushels, up one percent from the August forecast but up six percent from the previous crop. Yield was estimated at 185 bushels per acre, up 2.0 bushels from last month and up 1.0 bushel from the 2020 level. Acres for harvest as grain were estimated at 1.45 million acres, up 70,000 acres from 2020.
The U.S. corn production is forecast at 15.0 billion bushels, up two percent from the August forecast and up six percent from last year's production. Based on conditions as of September 1, yields are expected to average 176.3 bushels per acre, up 1.7 bushels from last month and up 4.3 bushels from 2020. Area harvested for grain is forecast at 85.1 million acres, up one percent from the August forecast and up three percent from 2020.
Soybean production for Kentucky is forecast at 98.5 million bushels, down six percent from the August forecast and down three percent from 2020. Yield was estimated at 55.0 bushels per acre, up 1.0 bushel from last month and unchanged from a year ago. Acreage for harvest as beans was estimated at 1.79 million acres, down 50,000 acres from the previous year.
U.S. soybean production is forecast at 4.37 billion bushels, up one percent from the August forecast and up six percent from last year. Based on September 1 conditions, yields are expected to average 50.6 bushels per acre, up 0.6 bushels from last month and up 0.4 bushels from last year. Area for harvest is forecast at 86.4 million acres, down slightly from the August forecast, but up five percent from 2020.
Kentucky burley tobacco production is forecast at 74.0 million pounds, unchanged from the August forecast and up three percent from 2020. Yield is projected at 2,000 pounds per acre, unchanged from last month and up 50 pounds from the 2020 crop. Harvested acreage was estimated at 37,000 acres, unchanged from last year's crop.
For the burley producing states, production is forecast at 87.2 million pounds, up three percent from last year. Burley growers plan to harvest 43,450 acres, up slightly from 2020. Yields are expected to average 2,006 pounds per acre, up 50 pounds from last year.
Production of Kentucky dark fire-cured tobacco is forecast at 28.7 million pounds, up five percent from the August forecast and up 38 percent from the previous year. Dark air-cured tobacco production is forecast at 16.8 million pounds, up nine percent from the August forecast and up 17 percent from last year.
Dark tobacco sees a rebound
The September USDA estimates for dark tobacco production continue to show a marked increase over 2020 numbers. Knopf said it’s been awhile since Kentucky has had such a good dark-fired crop.
“In fact, 2014 was the last time yield has been higher than this year. Along with the increase in acreage, 2021 is a big crop,” he said. “Acreage was also up for dark-air, along with a yield increase from last year. However, yield is middle of the road in a historic context.”
Kentucky wheat harvest by the numbers
According to the latest NASS report, Kentucky farmers harvested 30.5 million bushels of winter wheat during the summer of 2021 which is up 42 percent from the previous year; a year that saw many wheat crops damaged by April and May freezing temperatures.
“Yield is estimated at 87.0 bushels per acre, up 24.0 bushels from 2020. Farmers seeded 510,000 acres last fall, unchanged acres from 2020. Area harvested for grain totaled 350,000 acres. Acres for other uses totaled 160,000 acres and was used as cover crop, cut as hay, chopped for silage or abandoned,” noted the report.