Automakers' response to distracted driving
The auto industry has taken notice of distracted driving. Some tools have already been invented to curb the effects, while other technologies are quickly developing from budding ideas to larger-than-life innovations.
Today, nine out of 10 Americans you pass on the road own a cellphone. And despite knowing the risk, a study done by AT&T shows that about 70 percent of those cellphone owners report using them while driving. Though still underreported, cellphone usage behind the wheel continues to be an on-the-rise issue. Drivers observed in a 2018 roadside survey were 57 percent more likely to be manipulating a cellphone than drivers in a 2014 survey, according to the Insurance Institute for Highway Safety (IIHS).
The auto industry has taken notice. Some tools have already been invented to curb the effects of this rampant roadway issue, while other technologies are quickly developing from budding ideas to larger-than-life innovations.
Here’s a look at some of the technologies developed to curtail the epidemic of distracted driving:
- Automatic emergency braking (AEB)
According to the Insurance Institute for Highway Safety (IIHS), many drivers involved in rear-end crashes either do not apply their brakes at all or don’t apply them enough.
IIHS reports that AEB technology can reduce injury claims by as much as 35 percent – it’s essentially like another set of eyes on the roadway. Sensors on your car (cameras, radars and lasers) scan the road ahead for obstacles. If an imminent crash is detected, the system alerts the driver and begins automatically braking to reduce the severity of or prevent the collision.
A few years ago, AEB was a rare, futuristic feature only found in high-end vehicles. With distracted driving on the rise, this device is well on its way to becoming standard. In 2016, 20 automakers pledged to “make AEB standard on virtually all light-duty cars and trucks … no later than September 1, 2022.”
Those 20 automakers, which include Honda, GM, Ford and Toyota, represent more than 99 percent of the U.S.’ new-car market. According to a December 2019 report by IIHS, Audi, Mercedes-Benz, Tesla, and Volvo are already outfitting all their light passenger vehicles with the crash avoidance technology. Seven more manufacturers — Toyota, Volkswagen, BMW, Nissan, Honda, Subaru and Mazda — equipped more than 8 out of 10 new vehicles with AEB in 2019. Hyundai and Ford made the largest improvements, from 18 to 78 percent and 6 to 65 percent, respectively. BMW, Kia, Maserati, Porsche and Subaru also reported rapid progress.
In total, several million more vehicles were produced with AEB in 2019 compared 2018.
- Lane departure warning (LDW) and lane keep support (LKS)
Like AEB, LDW can pick up the slack for a distracted driver. Say you’re reaching into the passenger seat for a bite of that drive-thru cheeseburger you just picked up and temporarily take your eyes off the road... LDW alerts drivers with an audio or visual alert when they unintentionally drift out of a lane without a turn signal on.
While LDW leaves the correction up to the driver, LKS goes a step further by taking action. If sensors detect that a car is about to unintentionally move out of its lane, LKS will correct the steering and return the vehicle to its intended path.
- Eye tracking technology
If you thought automatically-braking cars were space-age, imagine a world where cars were able to monitor your eyes and tell if you weren’t paying enough attention to the road.
Well, that technology may not be too far off. While it is still being perfected, some car manufacturers are experimenting with eye-tracking technology that would detect when a driver’s gaze has shifted and send alerts to regain said driver’s attention.
In March 2019, popular automaker Volvo announced a plan to equip new vehicles with interior-facing cameras designed to monitor a driver's attentiveness by tracking their eye movement. If the cameras were to detect that a driver is distracted by looking at their smartphone or not keeping their hands on the steering wheel, it would raise an alarm. The automaker pledged to make this technology standard on every single Volvo starting in the early 2020s.
Additionally, General Motors will be expanding its semi-autonomous driver-assist system, Super Cruise, to 22 vehicles by 2023. The system boasts head tracking software that helps make sure your eyes are on the road, and alerts you when you need to pay more attention or take back control. Super Cruise also utilizes a host of sensors, radars, and cameras to steer, accelerate, and brake automatically. Super Cruise was previously only available on GM's Cadillac CT6.
While self-driving cars and innovative gadgets are sure to help our growing compulsion with smartphones, they alone can’t eradicate the problem. Make Kentucky’s roads a safe place to be, and join Kentucky Farm Bureau in driving distraction-free.
>> In Kentucky, there’s so much to live for. Join us in driving distraction-free.
To learn more about distracted driving’s prevalence in the Bluegrass State, click here.